Situated on the tranquil island of Kos, the magnificent Asklepion serves as a testament to the rich tapestry of history and the profound art of healing. Regarded as one of the most important healing sanctuaries in the ancient world, Kos Asklepion was not only a coveted medical centre but also a revered temple dedicated to Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine.

Its historical significance transcends centuries, shedding light on the profound influence of Greek medical practices on modern medicine.

Discovering Kos Asklepion: A Healing Journey

Engaging the heart of Kos’s ancient landscape, one discovers the healing sanctuary of Kos Asklepion. This iconic centre of therapeutic practices, which stands amidst the verdant hills, offers visitors a unique insight into the ancient world’s medical advancements.

Its three-tiered structure, adorned with intricate carvings, showcases the impressive architectural prowess of the Greeks, and the elaborate treatment rooms bear testament to the comprehensive health care provided here.
Kos Asklepion’s reputation as a major healing center was not limited to its local region, but its fame transcended borders, attracting patients from across the ancient world. The methods employed here—the combination of baths, diet, exercise, and sleep therapy—reveal a holistic approach to healing, reflecting a deep understanding of human health and wellbeing.

This approach, which mirrors many contemporary wellness philosophies, further underscores the sanctuary’s groundbreaking role in the development of medicine.

kos asklepion

The God of Healing: Asclepius and Kos Asklepion

At the heart of Kos Asklepion’s prominence in the ancient world was its deep connection with Asclepius, the Greek god of healing. Son of Apollo, Asclepius was revered for his supreme knowledge in medicine, offering curative wisdom to his disciples, the physicians, who practiced at the Asklepions.

At Kos Asklepion, his influence was paramount, with the sanctuary holding several votive offerings, statues, and dedications in his honour, signifying the high regard for the deity.The Asclepian healing rites conducted at Kos Asklepion were rooted in the god’s teachings, which greatly influenced the therapeutic practices.

Central to these rites were the incubation rituals, a unique healing method where patients slept within the sanctuary, dreaming of Asclepius. It was believed that the god would appear in these dreams to suggest a cure. This blend of spirituality and medicine, emblematic of Kos Asklepion, underscores the sanctuary’s pivotal role in shaping ancient healthcare practices.

The Healing Sanctuary: A Closer Look

Upon entering Kos Asklepion, one is greeted by the breathtaking sight of its tiered structure, each level offering a distinct perspective into the sanctuary’s healing experience. The first tier, primarily a reception area, welcomed patients and offered initial consultations.

It also housed the famous Temple of Asclepius, a sacred space dedicated to the healing deity. A short climb leads to the second tier, home to the treatment rooms, and the central altar where healing rituals were conducted.

The third tier, the pinnacle of Kos Asklepion, was a serene retreat, thoughtfully designed for patients’ recuperation. Here, therapeutic methods like diet regulation, exercise regimens, and sleep therapy were employed to restore health. Interestingly, this level also held the healing well, believed to contain curative waters, and the theatre, a place for entertainment and relaxation.

As one navigates through these different levels, it is impossible not to appreciate the depth of thought and care that went into creating this harmonious healing haven at Kos Asklepion.

Captivating Stories and Myths Surrounding Kos Asklepion

Kos Asklepion is not just an archaic structure of stone and mortar; it’s a repository of enthralling stories and myths that continue to captivate historians and tourists alike. One such tale is the legend of Hippocrates, considered the father of medicine, who was allegedly born on the island.

The myth suggests that Hippocrates received his medical teachings directly from Asclepius in a dream while at Kos Asklepion. This story dramatically shaped the historical perception of the sanctuary, reinforcing its status as a vital center of ancient medicine.

Another captivating story revolves around the sacred snakes of Kos Asklepion. It is said that the sanctuary was home to non-venomous snakes, considered to be the sacred emissaries of Asclepius. Patients seeking treatment would let these snakes slither over their bodies, expecting the god’s healing touch.

From the enchanting tales of Hippocrates to the sacred snakes, the myths surrounding Kos Asklepion breathe life into the stone ruins, vividly illustrating the sanctuary’s vibrant past and enduring allure.


Kos Asklepion, a remarkable ancient sanctuary, showcases the ingenuity and wisdom of the ancient Greeks in health and wellness. With its grand architecture, captivating myths, and historical significance, it offers a unique blend of history, culture, and medicine.

Exploring the silent ruins takes us on a journey back in time, appreciating the enduring legacy of the past in shaping our understanding of health and healing. It serves as a reminder of the profound influence of ancient practices on the present and future of medicine.